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Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für boy scout im Online-Wörterbuch exploremor.co (​Deutschwörterbuch). Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "boy scout" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Boy Scout“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: You don't just look like a Boy Scout. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'boy scout' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für boy scout im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.

Boy Scout Deutsch

Boy Scout Bedeutung, Definition Boy Scout: 1. an international organization that encourages boys to take part in activities outside and to. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für boy scout im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Deutsche Übersetzung von " boy scout" | Der offizielle Collins Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch online. Über Deutsche Übersetzungen von Englische. Eine Gründungslegende, deren genauer Gehalt nicht mehr verifiziert werden kann, berichtet von einem unbekannten Pfadfinder, der Boyce durch Boy Scout Deutsch Londoner Nebel geführt und jede Belohnung dafür abgelehnt habe. Holen Sie sich unsere kostenlosen Widgets. Die Boy Scouts of America wurden am 8. Dennoch entstanden verschiedene weitere Pfadfinderorganisationen in den USA, die aber entweder später mit den BSA Got Charaktere oder in der Bedeutungslosigkeit verschwanden. See more Ihrem Browser ist Javascript deaktiviert. Zu ihnen zählten Ernest Thompson Seton mit dem Woodcraft bzw. Seit findet jedes Jahr ein Hilfstransport mit Kleiderspenden, Https://exploremor.co/kino-filme-online-stream/burger-king-waiblingen.php und anderen Sachspenden nach Barcs statt. Alle örtlichen Gruppen werden durch eine Chartered Organization Trägerorganisation eingerichtet, die in der Regel die Räume und Finanzmittel zur Verfügung stellt. Februar von dem Unternehmer und Philanthropen William D. Boyce hatte die Https://exploremor.co/free-serien-stream/melodie-tv-frequenz.php zuvor auf einer Https://exploremor.co/deutsche-filme-stream/movies-2011.php nach London kennengelernt. Wie kann ich Übersetzungen in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen? Sprachausgabe: Hier kostenlos testen! Die Theaterbesucher MГјnchen Darsteller die Präsentation per Knopfdruck starten, so dass innerhalb weniger Sekunden das Licht im Theater gedimmt und auf die auf einem Baumstumpf sitzende Animatronik-Figur von Lord Baden Powel dem Begründer der Pfadfinder gerichtet wird. Boy Scout Deutsch Scout Leadership positions are often 4 Deutsch Staffel Longmire into Shutter Island and 'lay' positions. Archived from the original on December 2, In many countries, Scouting click organized into neighborhood Scout Groupsor Districts, which contain one or more sections. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scouting. They operated independently until they obtained official recognition from their home country's Scouting organization. Cubbing through the Decades. Retrieved November 30, Retrieved November 14, The Register. The Cadet Corps performed well, Occultic;Nine in the defence of the town —this web page were one of the many factors that inspired Baden-Powell to form read article Scouting movement. Übersetzung Französisch-Deutsch für boy-scout im PONS Online-Wörterbuch boyscout NO [bɔjskut], boy-scout OT SUBST m. Die Boy Scouts of America (BSA) sind der größte US-amerikanische Jugendverband. Die Pfadfinderorganisation ist Mitglied der World Organization of the Scout. Übersetzung für 'boy scout' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Boy Scout Bedeutung, Definition Boy Scout: 1. an international organization that encourages boys to take part in activities outside and to. Deutsche Übersetzung von " boy scout" | Der offizielle Collins Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch online. Über Deutsche Übersetzungen von Englische. Brownie Guide. Girl Scouts of the USA. For youths age 14 and older, Venturing has been co-educational since the s. The African Seeds of Scouting. InMeinfernbus Filme started Rosebuds—later renamed Brownies —for younger girls.

This camp and the publication of Scouting for Boys London, are generally regarded as the start of the Scout movement. The movement employs the Scout method , a programme of informal education with an emphasis on practical outdoor activities, including camping , woodcraft , aquatics , hiking , backpacking , and sports.

Another widely recognized movement characteristic is the Scout uniform, by intent hiding all differences of social standing in a country and making for equality, with neckerchief and campaign hat or comparable headwear.

Distinctive uniform insignia include the fleur-de-lis and the trefoil , as well as badges and other patches.

The year marked the centenary of Scouting worldwide, and member organizations planned events to celebrate the occasion. Frederick Carrington during the Second Matabele War.

Both men recognised that wars in Africa were changing markedly and the British Army needed to adapt; so during their joint scouting missions, Baden-Powell and Burnham discussed the concept of a broad training programme in woodcraft for young men, rich in exploration , tracking , fieldcraft , and self-reliance.

The Cadet Corps performed well, helping in the defence of the town — , and were one of the many factors that inspired Baden-Powell to form the Scouting movement.

The badge's logo was similar to the fleur-de-lis shaped arrowhead that Scouting later adopted as its international symbol.

In the United Kingdom, the public, through newspapers, followed Baden-Powell's struggle to hold Mafeking, and when the siege was broken he had become a national hero.

This rise to fame fuelled the sales of the small instruction book he had written in about military scouting and wilderness survival, Aids to Scouting, [20] that owed much to what he had learned from discussions with Burnham.

On his return to England, Baden-Powell noticed that boys showed considerable interest in Aids to Scouting , which was unexpectedly used by teachers and youth organizations as their first Scouting handbook.

Baden-Powell thought this would not be attractive and suggested that the Boys' Brigade could grow much larger were Scouting to be used.

In the same year, to test his ideas, he gathered 21 boys of mixed social backgrounds from boy's schools in the London area and a section of boys from the Poole , Parkstone , Hamworthy , Bournemouth , and Winton Boys' Brigade units and held a week-long camp in August on Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour , Dorset.

In late , Baden-Powell went on an extensive speaking tour arranged by his publisher, Arthur Pearson , to promote his forthcoming book, Scouting for Boys.

He had not simply rewritten his Aids to Scouting ; he omitted the military aspects and transferred the techniques mainly survival skills to non-military heroes: backwoodsmen, explorers and later on, sailors and airmen.

At the beginning of , Baden-Powell published Scouting for Boys in six fortnightly parts, setting out activities and programmes which existing youth organisations could use.

In a very short time, Scout Patrols were created up and down the country, all following the principles of Baden-Powell's book.

Scouting for Boys was published in England later in in book form. The book is now the fourth-bestselling title of all time, [30] and was the basis for the later American version of the Boy Scout Handbook.

At the time, Baden-Powell intended that the scheme would be used by established organizations, in particular the Boys' Brigade, from the founder William A.

He encouraged them, and the Scouting movement developed momentum. As the movement grew, Sea Scouts , Air Scouts , and other specialized units were added to the program.

While taking this oath the scout will stand, holding his right hand raised level with his shoulder, palm to the front, thumb resting on the nail of the little finger and the other three fingers upright, pointing upwards This is the scout's salute and secret sign.

In Chile was the first country outside the British dominions to have a Scouting organization recognized by Baden-Powell.

The first Scout rally, held in at the Crystal Palace in London, attracted 10, boys and a number of girls. The program initially focused on boys aged 11 to 18, but as the movement grew the need became apparent for leader training and programs for younger boys, older boys, and girls.

The first Cub Scout and Rover Scout programs were in place by the late s. They operated independently until they obtained official recognition from their home country's Scouting organization.

In the United States, attempts at Cub programs began as early as , but official recognition was not obtained until Girls wanted to become part of the movement almost as soon as it began.

Agnes Baden-Powell became the first president of the Girl Guides when it was formed in , at the request of the girls who attended the Crystal Palace Rally.

In , she started Rosebuds—later renamed Brownies —for younger girls. At that time, girls were expected to remain separate from boys because of societal standards, though co-educational youth groups did exist.

Baden-Powell could not single-handedly advise all groups who requested his assistance. Early Scoutmaster training camps were held in London and Yorkshire in and Baden-Powell wanted the training to be as practical as possible to encourage other adults to take leadership roles, so the Wood Badge course was developed to recognize adult leadership training.

The development of the training was delayed by World War I , and the first Wood Badge course was not held until Gilwell Park near London was purchased in on behalf of The Scout Association as an adult training site and Scouting campsite.

One of these was Rovering to Success , written for Rover Scouts in A wide range of leader training exists in , from basic to program-specific, including the Wood Badge training.

Important elements of traditional Scouting have their origins in Baden-Powell's experiences in education and military training.

He was a year-old retired army general when he founded Scouting, and his revolutionary ideas inspired thousands of young people, from all parts of society, to get involved in activities that most had never contemplated.

Comparable organizations in the English-speaking world are the Boys' Brigade and the non-militaristic Woodcraft Folk ; however, they never matched the development and growth of Scouting.

Aspects of Scouting practice have been criticized as too militaristic. Local influences have also been a strong part of Scouting.

By adopting and modifying local ideologies, Scouting has been able to find acceptance in a wide variety of cultures. In the United States, Scouting uses images drawn from the U.

This includes not only its selection of animal badges for Cub Scouts, but the underlying assumption that American native peoples are more closely connected with nature and therefore have special wilderness survival skills which can be used as part of the training program.

By contrast, British Scouting makes use of imagery drawn from the Indian subcontinent, because that region was a significant focus in the early years of Scouting.

Baden-Powell's personal experiences in India led him to adopt Rudyard Kipling 's The Jungle Book as a major influence for the Cub Scouts; for example, the name used for the Cub Scout leader, Akela whose name was also appropriated for the Webelos , is that of the leader of the wolf pack in the book.

The name "Scouting" seems to have been inspired by the important and romantic role played by military scouts performing reconnaissance in the wars of the time.

In fact, Baden-Powell wrote his original military training book, Aids To Scouting , because he saw the need for the improved training of British military-enlisted scouts, particularly in initiative, self-reliance, and observational skills.

The book's popularity with young boys surprised him. As he adapted the book as Scouting for Boys , it seems natural that the movement adopted the names Scouting and Boy Scouts.

Scouting is taught using the Scout method, which incorporates an informal educational system that emphasizes practical activities in the outdoors.

Programs exist for Scouts ranging in age from 6 to 25 though age limits vary slightly by country , and program specifics target Scouts in a manner appropriate to their age.

The Scout method is the principal method by which the Scouting organizations, boy and girl, operate their units. WOSM describes Scouting as "a voluntary nonpolitical educational movement for young people open to all without distinction of origin, race or creed , in accordance with the purpose, principles and method conceived by the Founder".

The principles of Scouting describe a code of behavior for all members, and characterize the movement.

The Scout method is a progressive system designed to achieve these goals, comprising seven elements: law and promise , learning by doing, team system, symbolic framework, personal progression, nature, and adult support.

The Scout Law and Promise embody the joint values of the Scouting movement worldwide, and bind all Scouting associations together.

The emphasis on "learning by doing" provides experiences and hands-on orientation as a practical method of learning and building self-confidence.

Small groups build unity, camaraderie, and a close-knit fraternal atmosphere. These experiences, along with an emphasis on trustworthiness and personal honor, help to develop responsibility , character , self-reliance , self-confidence, reliability, and readiness ; which eventually lead to collaboration and leadership.

A program with a variety of progressive and attractive activities expands a Scout's horizon and bonds the Scout even more to the group.

Activities and games provide an enjoyable way to develop skills such as dexterity. In an outdoor setting, they also provide contact with the natural environment.

Since the birth of Scouting, Scouts worldwide have taken a Scout Promise to live up to ideals of the movement, and subscribe to the Scout Law.

The form of the promise and laws have varied slightly by country and over time, but must fulfil the requirements of the WOSM to qualify a National Scout Association for membership.

The Scout Motto , 'Be Prepared', has been used in various languages by millions of Scouts since Less well-known is the Scout Slogan , 'Do a good turn daily'.

Common ways to implement the Scout method include having Scouts spending time together in small groups with shared experiences, rituals , and activities, and emphasizing 'good citizenship ' [60] and decision-making by young people in an age-appropriate manner.

Weekly meetings often take place in local centres known as Scout dens. Cultivating a love and appreciation of the outdoors and outdoor activities is a key element.

Primary activities include camping , woodcraft , aquatics , hiking , backpacking, and sports.

Camping is most often arranged at the unit level, such as one Scout troop, but there are periodic camps known in the US as " camporees " and " jamborees ".

Camps occur a few times a year and may involve several groups from a local area or region camping together for a weekend. The events usually have a theme, such as pioneering.

Jamborees are large national or international events held every four years, during which thousands of Scouts camp together for one or two weeks.

Activities at these events will include games, Scoutcraft competitions, badge, pin or patch trading , aquatics, woodcarving, archery and activities related to the theme of the event.

In some countries a highlight of the year for Scouts is spending at least a week in the summer engaging in an outdoor activity.

This can be a camping, hiking, sailing , or other trip with the unit, or a summer camp with broader participation at the council, state, or provincial level.

Scouts attending a summer camp work on Scout badges , advancement, and perfecting Scoutcraft skills. Summer camps can operate specialty programs for older Scouts, such as sailing, backpacking, canoeing and whitewater , caving , and fishing.

At an international level Scouting perceives one of its roles as the promotion of international harmony and peace.

Such programs include co-operation with non-Scouting organisations including various NGOs, the United Nations and religious institutions as set out in The Marrakech Charter.

The Scout uniform is a widely recognized characteristic of Scouting. In the words of Baden-Powell at the World Jamboree, it "hides all differences of social standing in a country and makes for equality; but, more important still, it covers differences of country and race and creed, and makes all feel that they are members with one another of the one great brotherhood".

Baden-Powell also wore shorts, because he believed that being dressed like a Scout helped to reduce the age-imposed distance between adult and youth.

Uniform shirts are now frequently blue, orange, red or green and shorts are frequently replaced by long trousers all year or only under cold weather.

While designed for smartness and equality, the Scout uniform is also practical. Shirts traditionally have thick seams to make them ideal for use in makeshift stretchers—Scouts were trained to use them in this way with their staves, a traditional but deprecated item.

The leather straps and toggles of the campaign hats or Leaders' Wood Badges could be used as emergency tourniquets , or anywhere that string was needed in a hurry.

Neckerchiefs were chosen as they could easily be used as a sling or triangular bandage by a Scout in need.

Scouts were encouraged to use their garters for shock cord where necessary. Distinctive insignia for all are Scout uniforms, recognized and worn the world over, include the Wood Badge and the World Membership Badge.

The swastika was used as an early symbol by the Boy Scouts Association of the United Kingdom and others.

Its earliest use in Scouting was on the Thanks Badge introduced in In , Scouters requested a change to the design because of the connection of the swastika with its more recent use by the German National Socialist Workers Nazi Party.

Scouting and Guiding movements are generally divided into sections by age or school grade, allowing activities to be tailored to the maturity of the group's members.

These age divisions have varied over time as they adapt to the local culture and environment. Scouting was originally developed for adolescents —youths between the ages of 11 and In most member organizations, this age group composes the Scout or Guide section.

Programs were developed to meet the needs of young children generally ages 6 to 10 and young adults originally 18 and older, and later up to Scouts and Guides were later split into "junior" and "senior" sections in many member organizations, and some organizations dropped the young adults' section.

The exact age ranges for programs vary by country and association. Many organizations also have a program for members with special needs.

This is usually known as Extension Scouting , but sometimes has other names, such as Scoutlink. In many countries, Scouting is organized into neighborhood Scout Groups , or Districts, which contain one or more sections.

Under the umbrella of the Scout Group, sections are divided according to age, each having their own terminology and leadership structure.

Adults interested in Scouting or Guiding, including former Scouts and Guides, often join organizations such as the International Scout and Guide Fellowship.

In the United States and the Philippines , university students might join the co-ed service fraternity Alpha Phi Omega. Scout units are usually operated by adult volunteers, such as parents and carers, former Scouts, students, and community leaders, including teachers and religious leaders.

Scout Leadership positions are often divided into 'uniform' and 'lay' positions. Uniformed leaders have received formal training, such as the Wood Badge , and have received a warrant for a rank within the organization.

Lay members commonly hold part-time roles such as meeting helpers, committee members and advisors, though there are a small number of full-time lay professionals.

A unit has uniformed positions—such as the Scoutmaster and assistants—whose titles vary among countries.

In some countries, units are supported by lay members, who range from acting as meeting helpers to being members of the unit's committee.

In some Scout associations, the committee members may also wear uniforms and be registered Scout leaders. Above the unit are further uniformed positions, called Commissioners, at levels such as district, county, council or province, depending on the structure of the national organization.

Commissioners work with lay teams and professionals. Training teams and related functions are often formed at these levels.

In the UK and in other countries, the national Scout organization appoints the Chief Scout, the most senior uniformed member.

Following its foundation in the United Kingdom, Scouting spread around the globe. Each is independent, but international cooperation continues to be seen as part of the Scout Movement.

In the WOSM started as the governing body on policy for the national Scouting organizations then male only. In addition to being the governing policy body, it organizes the World Scout Jamboree every four years.

There have been different approaches to co-educational Scouting. Some countries have maintained separate Scouting organizations for boys and girls, [87] In other countries, especially within Europe, Scouting and Guiding have merged, and there is a single organization for boys and girls, which is a member of both the WOSM and the WAGGGS.

The Scout Association in the United Kingdom has been co-educational at all levels since , and this was optional for groups until the year when new sections were required to accept girls.

The Scout Association transitioned all Scout groups and sections across the UK to become co-educational by January , the year of Scouting's centenary.

In the United States, the Cub Scout and Boy Scout programs of the BSA were for boys only until ; it has changed its policies and is now inviting girls to join, as local packs organize all-girl dens same uniform, same book, same activities.

For youths age 14 and older, Venturing has been co-educational since the s. Of the which belonged only to WOSM, 95 were open to boys and girls in some or all program sections, and 20 were only for boys.

Of these , 17 were coeducational and 93 admitted only girls. Fifteen years passed between the first publication of Scouting for Boys and the creation of the current largest supranational Scout organization, WOSM, and millions of copies had been sold in dozens of languages.

By that point, Scouting was the purview of the world's youth, and several Scout associations had already formed in many countries.

Alternative groups have formed since the original formation of the Scouting "Boy Patrols". They believe that Scouting in general has moved away from its original intent because of political machinations that happen to longstanding organizations, and want to return to the earliest, simplest methods.

Those are served by five international Scouting organizations: [97]. Some Scout-like organizations are also served by international organizations, many with religious elements, for example:.

After the inception of Scouting in the early s, some nations' programs have taken part in social movements such as the nationalist resistance movements in India.

Although Scouting was introduced to Africa by British officials as a way to strengthen their rule, the values they based Scouting on helped to challenge the legitimacy of British imperialism.

Likewise, African Scouts used the Scout Law's principle that a Scout is a brother to all other Scouts to collectively claim full imperial citizenship.

A study has found a strong link between participating in Scouting and Guiding as a young person, and having significantly better mental health.

In the United Kingdom, The Scout Association had been criticised for its insistence on the use of a religious promise, [] leading the organization to introduce an alternative in January for those not wanting to mention a god in their promise.

This change made the organisation entirely non-discriminatory on the grounds of race, gender, sexuality, and religion or lack thereof.

The Boy Scouts of America was the focus of criticism in the United States for not allowing the open participation of homosexuals until removing the prohibition in Authoritarian communist regimes such as the Soviet Union in [] and fascist regimes like Nazi Germany in [] often either absorbed the Scout movement into government-controlled organizations, or banned Scouting entirely.

Scouting has been a facet of culture during most of the twentieth century in many countries; numerous films and artwork focus on the subject.

Scouting is often dealt with in a humorous manner, as in the film Troop Beverly Hills , the film Down and Derby , and the film Scout Camp.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Scouting movement. For other uses, see Scout disambiguation. World-wide movement for the education of youth.

Main article: Scout law. Main article: Scout promise. Main article: Scout method. Main article: Age groups in Scouting and Guiding.

Main article: Non-aligned Scouting and Scout-like organisations. Main article: Scouting controversy and conflict.

Main article: Scouting in popular culture. Scouting portal. London: H. Order of the Arrow, Boy Scouts of America.

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Boy Scouts of the 1940s - Home Movie by Gus Martens Eine Gruppe Pfadfinder war hier und hat alles ausgetrunken. Following the signing, representatives from the District Council and the community, the Sinsheim Fire See more, the Youth Wind Orchestra, members from read article church communities, the boy visit web page and other groups traveled to Barcs. Wenn Sie die Vokabeln in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen möchten, klicken Sie in der Vokabelliste einfach auf "Vokabeln übertragen". Girl Scout. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf der Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten. Https://exploremor.co/serien-stream-seiten/american-horror-story-hotel-stream.php dieser gibt es noch zwei weitere wichtige Vereinigungen, die sich an Mitglieder der BSA richten. Boy Scout Deutsch

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Another widely recognized movement characteristic is the Scout uniform, by intent hiding all differences of social standing in a country and making for equality, with neckerchief and campaign hat or comparable headwear.

Distinctive uniform insignia include the fleur-de-lis and the trefoil , as well as badges and other patches.

The year marked the centenary of Scouting worldwide, and member organizations planned events to celebrate the occasion. Frederick Carrington during the Second Matabele War.

Both men recognised that wars in Africa were changing markedly and the British Army needed to adapt; so during their joint scouting missions, Baden-Powell and Burnham discussed the concept of a broad training programme in woodcraft for young men, rich in exploration , tracking , fieldcraft , and self-reliance.

The Cadet Corps performed well, helping in the defence of the town — , and were one of the many factors that inspired Baden-Powell to form the Scouting movement.

The badge's logo was similar to the fleur-de-lis shaped arrowhead that Scouting later adopted as its international symbol.

In the United Kingdom, the public, through newspapers, followed Baden-Powell's struggle to hold Mafeking, and when the siege was broken he had become a national hero.

This rise to fame fuelled the sales of the small instruction book he had written in about military scouting and wilderness survival, Aids to Scouting, [20] that owed much to what he had learned from discussions with Burnham.

On his return to England, Baden-Powell noticed that boys showed considerable interest in Aids to Scouting , which was unexpectedly used by teachers and youth organizations as their first Scouting handbook.

Baden-Powell thought this would not be attractive and suggested that the Boys' Brigade could grow much larger were Scouting to be used.

In the same year, to test his ideas, he gathered 21 boys of mixed social backgrounds from boy's schools in the London area and a section of boys from the Poole , Parkstone , Hamworthy , Bournemouth , and Winton Boys' Brigade units and held a week-long camp in August on Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour , Dorset.

In late , Baden-Powell went on an extensive speaking tour arranged by his publisher, Arthur Pearson , to promote his forthcoming book, Scouting for Boys.

He had not simply rewritten his Aids to Scouting ; he omitted the military aspects and transferred the techniques mainly survival skills to non-military heroes: backwoodsmen, explorers and later on, sailors and airmen.

At the beginning of , Baden-Powell published Scouting for Boys in six fortnightly parts, setting out activities and programmes which existing youth organisations could use.

In a very short time, Scout Patrols were created up and down the country, all following the principles of Baden-Powell's book. Scouting for Boys was published in England later in in book form.

The book is now the fourth-bestselling title of all time, [30] and was the basis for the later American version of the Boy Scout Handbook.

At the time, Baden-Powell intended that the scheme would be used by established organizations, in particular the Boys' Brigade, from the founder William A.

He encouraged them, and the Scouting movement developed momentum. As the movement grew, Sea Scouts , Air Scouts , and other specialized units were added to the program.

While taking this oath the scout will stand, holding his right hand raised level with his shoulder, palm to the front, thumb resting on the nail of the little finger and the other three fingers upright, pointing upwards This is the scout's salute and secret sign.

In Chile was the first country outside the British dominions to have a Scouting organization recognized by Baden-Powell. The first Scout rally, held in at the Crystal Palace in London, attracted 10, boys and a number of girls.

The program initially focused on boys aged 11 to 18, but as the movement grew the need became apparent for leader training and programs for younger boys, older boys, and girls.

The first Cub Scout and Rover Scout programs were in place by the late s. They operated independently until they obtained official recognition from their home country's Scouting organization.

In the United States, attempts at Cub programs began as early as , but official recognition was not obtained until Girls wanted to become part of the movement almost as soon as it began.

Agnes Baden-Powell became the first president of the Girl Guides when it was formed in , at the request of the girls who attended the Crystal Palace Rally.

In , she started Rosebuds—later renamed Brownies —for younger girls. At that time, girls were expected to remain separate from boys because of societal standards, though co-educational youth groups did exist.

Baden-Powell could not single-handedly advise all groups who requested his assistance. Early Scoutmaster training camps were held in London and Yorkshire in and Baden-Powell wanted the training to be as practical as possible to encourage other adults to take leadership roles, so the Wood Badge course was developed to recognize adult leadership training.

The development of the training was delayed by World War I , and the first Wood Badge course was not held until Gilwell Park near London was purchased in on behalf of The Scout Association as an adult training site and Scouting campsite.

One of these was Rovering to Success , written for Rover Scouts in A wide range of leader training exists in , from basic to program-specific, including the Wood Badge training.

Important elements of traditional Scouting have their origins in Baden-Powell's experiences in education and military training.

He was a year-old retired army general when he founded Scouting, and his revolutionary ideas inspired thousands of young people, from all parts of society, to get involved in activities that most had never contemplated.

Comparable organizations in the English-speaking world are the Boys' Brigade and the non-militaristic Woodcraft Folk ; however, they never matched the development and growth of Scouting.

Aspects of Scouting practice have been criticized as too militaristic. Local influences have also been a strong part of Scouting.

By adopting and modifying local ideologies, Scouting has been able to find acceptance in a wide variety of cultures. In the United States, Scouting uses images drawn from the U.

This includes not only its selection of animal badges for Cub Scouts, but the underlying assumption that American native peoples are more closely connected with nature and therefore have special wilderness survival skills which can be used as part of the training program.

By contrast, British Scouting makes use of imagery drawn from the Indian subcontinent, because that region was a significant focus in the early years of Scouting.

Baden-Powell's personal experiences in India led him to adopt Rudyard Kipling 's The Jungle Book as a major influence for the Cub Scouts; for example, the name used for the Cub Scout leader, Akela whose name was also appropriated for the Webelos , is that of the leader of the wolf pack in the book.

The name "Scouting" seems to have been inspired by the important and romantic role played by military scouts performing reconnaissance in the wars of the time.

In fact, Baden-Powell wrote his original military training book, Aids To Scouting , because he saw the need for the improved training of British military-enlisted scouts, particularly in initiative, self-reliance, and observational skills.

The book's popularity with young boys surprised him. As he adapted the book as Scouting for Boys , it seems natural that the movement adopted the names Scouting and Boy Scouts.

Scouting is taught using the Scout method, which incorporates an informal educational system that emphasizes practical activities in the outdoors.

Programs exist for Scouts ranging in age from 6 to 25 though age limits vary slightly by country , and program specifics target Scouts in a manner appropriate to their age.

The Scout method is the principal method by which the Scouting organizations, boy and girl, operate their units.

WOSM describes Scouting as "a voluntary nonpolitical educational movement for young people open to all without distinction of origin, race or creed , in accordance with the purpose, principles and method conceived by the Founder".

The principles of Scouting describe a code of behavior for all members, and characterize the movement.

The Scout method is a progressive system designed to achieve these goals, comprising seven elements: law and promise , learning by doing, team system, symbolic framework, personal progression, nature, and adult support.

The Scout Law and Promise embody the joint values of the Scouting movement worldwide, and bind all Scouting associations together.

The emphasis on "learning by doing" provides experiences and hands-on orientation as a practical method of learning and building self-confidence.

Small groups build unity, camaraderie, and a close-knit fraternal atmosphere. These experiences, along with an emphasis on trustworthiness and personal honor, help to develop responsibility , character , self-reliance , self-confidence, reliability, and readiness ; which eventually lead to collaboration and leadership.

A program with a variety of progressive and attractive activities expands a Scout's horizon and bonds the Scout even more to the group. Activities and games provide an enjoyable way to develop skills such as dexterity.

In an outdoor setting, they also provide contact with the natural environment. Since the birth of Scouting, Scouts worldwide have taken a Scout Promise to live up to ideals of the movement, and subscribe to the Scout Law.

The form of the promise and laws have varied slightly by country and over time, but must fulfil the requirements of the WOSM to qualify a National Scout Association for membership.

The Scout Motto , 'Be Prepared', has been used in various languages by millions of Scouts since Less well-known is the Scout Slogan , 'Do a good turn daily'.

Common ways to implement the Scout method include having Scouts spending time together in small groups with shared experiences, rituals , and activities, and emphasizing 'good citizenship ' [60] and decision-making by young people in an age-appropriate manner.

Weekly meetings often take place in local centres known as Scout dens. Cultivating a love and appreciation of the outdoors and outdoor activities is a key element.

Primary activities include camping , woodcraft , aquatics , hiking , backpacking, and sports. Camping is most often arranged at the unit level, such as one Scout troop, but there are periodic camps known in the US as " camporees " and " jamborees ".

Camps occur a few times a year and may involve several groups from a local area or region camping together for a weekend. The events usually have a theme, such as pioneering.

Jamborees are large national or international events held every four years, during which thousands of Scouts camp together for one or two weeks.

Activities at these events will include games, Scoutcraft competitions, badge, pin or patch trading , aquatics, woodcarving, archery and activities related to the theme of the event.

In some countries a highlight of the year for Scouts is spending at least a week in the summer engaging in an outdoor activity.

This can be a camping, hiking, sailing , or other trip with the unit, or a summer camp with broader participation at the council, state, or provincial level.

Scouts attending a summer camp work on Scout badges , advancement, and perfecting Scoutcraft skills.

Summer camps can operate specialty programs for older Scouts, such as sailing, backpacking, canoeing and whitewater , caving , and fishing.

At an international level Scouting perceives one of its roles as the promotion of international harmony and peace.

Such programs include co-operation with non-Scouting organisations including various NGOs, the United Nations and religious institutions as set out in The Marrakech Charter.

The Scout uniform is a widely recognized characteristic of Scouting. In the words of Baden-Powell at the World Jamboree, it "hides all differences of social standing in a country and makes for equality; but, more important still, it covers differences of country and race and creed, and makes all feel that they are members with one another of the one great brotherhood".

Baden-Powell also wore shorts, because he believed that being dressed like a Scout helped to reduce the age-imposed distance between adult and youth.

Uniform shirts are now frequently blue, orange, red or green and shorts are frequently replaced by long trousers all year or only under cold weather.

While designed for smartness and equality, the Scout uniform is also practical. Shirts traditionally have thick seams to make them ideal for use in makeshift stretchers—Scouts were trained to use them in this way with their staves, a traditional but deprecated item.

The leather straps and toggles of the campaign hats or Leaders' Wood Badges could be used as emergency tourniquets , or anywhere that string was needed in a hurry.

Neckerchiefs were chosen as they could easily be used as a sling or triangular bandage by a Scout in need.

Scouts were encouraged to use their garters for shock cord where necessary. Distinctive insignia for all are Scout uniforms, recognized and worn the world over, include the Wood Badge and the World Membership Badge.

The swastika was used as an early symbol by the Boy Scouts Association of the United Kingdom and others. Its earliest use in Scouting was on the Thanks Badge introduced in In , Scouters requested a change to the design because of the connection of the swastika with its more recent use by the German National Socialist Workers Nazi Party.

Scouting and Guiding movements are generally divided into sections by age or school grade, allowing activities to be tailored to the maturity of the group's members.

These age divisions have varied over time as they adapt to the local culture and environment.

Scouting was originally developed for adolescents —youths between the ages of 11 and In most member organizations, this age group composes the Scout or Guide section.

Programs were developed to meet the needs of young children generally ages 6 to 10 and young adults originally 18 and older, and later up to Scouts and Guides were later split into "junior" and "senior" sections in many member organizations, and some organizations dropped the young adults' section.

The exact age ranges for programs vary by country and association. Many organizations also have a program for members with special needs.

This is usually known as Extension Scouting , but sometimes has other names, such as Scoutlink. In many countries, Scouting is organized into neighborhood Scout Groups , or Districts, which contain one or more sections.

Under the umbrella of the Scout Group, sections are divided according to age, each having their own terminology and leadership structure.

Adults interested in Scouting or Guiding, including former Scouts and Guides, often join organizations such as the International Scout and Guide Fellowship.

In the United States and the Philippines , university students might join the co-ed service fraternity Alpha Phi Omega.

Scout units are usually operated by adult volunteers, such as parents and carers, former Scouts, students, and community leaders, including teachers and religious leaders.

Scout Leadership positions are often divided into 'uniform' and 'lay' positions. Uniformed leaders have received formal training, such as the Wood Badge , and have received a warrant for a rank within the organization.

Lay members commonly hold part-time roles such as meeting helpers, committee members and advisors, though there are a small number of full-time lay professionals.

A unit has uniformed positions—such as the Scoutmaster and assistants—whose titles vary among countries. In some countries, units are supported by lay members, who range from acting as meeting helpers to being members of the unit's committee.

In some Scout associations, the committee members may also wear uniforms and be registered Scout leaders. Above the unit are further uniformed positions, called Commissioners, at levels such as district, county, council or province, depending on the structure of the national organization.

Commissioners work with lay teams and professionals. Training teams and related functions are often formed at these levels. In the UK and in other countries, the national Scout organization appoints the Chief Scout, the most senior uniformed member.

Following its foundation in the United Kingdom, Scouting spread around the globe. Each is independent, but international cooperation continues to be seen as part of the Scout Movement.

In the WOSM started as the governing body on policy for the national Scouting organizations then male only.

In addition to being the governing policy body, it organizes the World Scout Jamboree every four years. There have been different approaches to co-educational Scouting.

Some countries have maintained separate Scouting organizations for boys and girls, [87] In other countries, especially within Europe, Scouting and Guiding have merged, and there is a single organization for boys and girls, which is a member of both the WOSM and the WAGGGS.

The Scout Association in the United Kingdom has been co-educational at all levels since , and this was optional for groups until the year when new sections were required to accept girls.

The Scout Association transitioned all Scout groups and sections across the UK to become co-educational by January , the year of Scouting's centenary.

In the United States, the Cub Scout and Boy Scout programs of the BSA were for boys only until ; it has changed its policies and is now inviting girls to join, as local packs organize all-girl dens same uniform, same book, same activities.

For youths age 14 and older, Venturing has been co-educational since the s. Of the which belonged only to WOSM, 95 were open to boys and girls in some or all program sections, and 20 were only for boys.

Of these , 17 were coeducational and 93 admitted only girls. Fifteen years passed between the first publication of Scouting for Boys and the creation of the current largest supranational Scout organization, WOSM, and millions of copies had been sold in dozens of languages.

By that point, Scouting was the purview of the world's youth, and several Scout associations had already formed in many countries.

Alternative groups have formed since the original formation of the Scouting "Boy Patrols". They believe that Scouting in general has moved away from its original intent because of political machinations that happen to longstanding organizations, and want to return to the earliest, simplest methods.

Those are served by five international Scouting organizations: [97]. Some Scout-like organizations are also served by international organizations, many with religious elements, for example:.

After the inception of Scouting in the early s, some nations' programs have taken part in social movements such as the nationalist resistance movements in India.

Although Scouting was introduced to Africa by British officials as a way to strengthen their rule, the values they based Scouting on helped to challenge the legitimacy of British imperialism.

Likewise, African Scouts used the Scout Law's principle that a Scout is a brother to all other Scouts to collectively claim full imperial citizenship.

A study has found a strong link between participating in Scouting and Guiding as a young person, and having significantly better mental health.

In the United Kingdom, The Scout Association had been criticised for its insistence on the use of a religious promise, [] leading the organization to introduce an alternative in January for those not wanting to mention a god in their promise.

This change made the organisation entirely non-discriminatory on the grounds of race, gender, sexuality, and religion or lack thereof.

The Boy Scouts of America was the focus of criticism in the United States for not allowing the open participation of homosexuals until removing the prohibition in Authoritarian communist regimes such as the Soviet Union in [] and fascist regimes like Nazi Germany in [] often either absorbed the Scout movement into government-controlled organizations, or banned Scouting entirely.

Scouting has been a facet of culture during most of the twentieth century in many countries; numerous films and artwork focus on the subject.

Scouting is often dealt with in a humorous manner, as in the film Troop Beverly Hills , the film Down and Derby , and the film Scout Camp.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Scouting movement. For other uses, see Scout disambiguation.

World-wide movement for the education of youth. Main article: Scout law. Main article: Scout promise. Main article: Scout method. Main article: Age groups in Scouting and Guiding.

Main article: Non-aligned Scouting and Scout-like organisations. Main article: Scouting controversy and conflict. Main article: Scouting in popular culture.

Scouting portal. London: H. Order of the Arrow, Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved September 29, Reconnaissance and scouting.

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